By Katharina T. Kraus
Katharina T. Kraus: Kant on Self-Knowledge and Self-Formation

As the pre-eminent Enlightenment philosopher, Kant famously calls on all humans to make up their own minds, independently from the constraints imposed on them by others. Kant’s focus, however, is on universal human reason, and he tells us little about what makes us individual persons. In this book, Katharina T. Kraus explores Kant’s distinctive account of psychological personhood by unfolding how, according to Kant, we come to know ourselves as such persons. Drawing on Kant’s Critical works and on his Lectures and Reflections, Kraus develops the first textually comprehensive and systematically coherent account of our capacity for what Kant calls ‘inner experience’. The novel view of self-knowledge and self-formation in Kant that she offers addresses present-day issues in philosophy of mind and will be relevant for contemporary philosophical debates. It will be of interest to scholars of the history of philosophy, as well as of philosophy of mind and psychology. More details

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020


Online available:

  • European Journal of Philosophy 29: 679–682 (2021), by Patricia Kitcher.
  • Journal of the History of Philosophy 60(3): 515-517 (2022), by Stefanie Buchenau.
  • The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (3): 365–369, by Béatrice Longuenesse.
  • Kant-Studien, by Ekin Erkan (in-press).
  • Comments by Patrick Frierson, Janum Sethi, Clinton Tolley, and Allen Wood (and author’s replies) in Kantian Review 27(3): 461-508 (2022).
  • Comments by Karin Nisenbaum and Julia Peters (and author’s replies) in Journal of the Society of German Idealism and Romanticism (in-press).